UNAPA es una organización gremial nacional de pequeños productores asociados agropecuarios, que agrupa a nuevos sujetos económicos y sociales emergentes, surgidos en el marco del proceso de Reforma Agraria llevado a cabo durante la década de los 80´s, y de la privatización instrumentada a inicios de la década de los 90's en las empresas agrícolas y ganaderas que pertenecieron al Estado. Fue constituida en 1992 por iniciativa de la Asociación de Trabajadores del Campo (ATC), el Centro de Investigación para la Promoción del Desarrollo Rural y Social (CIPRES) y representantes de las organizaciones de base del Área Propiedad de los Trabajadores (APT), Cooperativas y Asociaciones de pequeños productores que buscan el reconocimiento institucional y la participación activa en el desarrollo económico del país.
El origen de esta experiencia productiva- asociativa es sindical y agraria, impulsada por trabajadores asalariados agropecuarios, técnicos, y profesionales, los cuales están organizados en la Asociación de Trabajadores del Campo (ATC).
A partir de 1990 se inicia un amplio proceso de constitución de nuevas organizaciones económicas donde los propietarios son todos los trabajadores que optaron por esta forma de organización para el aprovechamiento del recurso: la tierra y medios de producción.
El proceso de conformación de las organizaciones asociativas de los trabajadores, ha sido complejo, porque las unidades productivas han sido sometidas a un severo programa de contracción financiera, debido principalmente a las políticas económicas restrictivas aplicadas desde 1990 y el proceso de escrituración de tierras ha sido prolongado.
El proceso organizativo, ha pasado desde unidades productivas privatizadas a los trabajadores organizados como empresas asociativas y paulatinamente han alcanzado identidad y capacidad productiva y económica, avanzando desde la organización por finca hasta la empresa, la corporación y el gremio. Posteriormente otros productores han optado por organizar unidades cooperativas o colectivos autónomos de trabajadores, siempre vinculados a UNAPA.
Asosiacion Gremial Productiva
Decreto Asamblea Nacional 788, Republica de Nicaragua
FECAMPO (Federacion de Cooperativas del Campo)
Individual farmer membership
productores y productoras individuales
Governance and structure
UNAPA está conformada por un Consejo Nacional, una Junta Directiva y una Dirección Ejecutiva. Bajo estas estructuras están los departamentos , las cooperativas y núcleos de productores individuales. Cada expresión cuenta con sus órganos de gobierno y ejecutivos.
La autoridad máxima del gremio UNAPA es la Asamblea General que representa a cerca de 17,000 socios, organizados en unidades asociativas y cooperativas e individuales. Cada empresa o cooperativa por ser independiente jurídicamente cuenta con su propia asamblea general de socios y Junta Directiva.
2015 - 2025
- Económica: Promover la articulación interinstitucional y de políticas de apoyo al sector para la auto sostenibilidad en la cadena de comercialización agropecuaria y agroindustrial.
- Agroecológica: Fomentar la protección de los recursos naturales y del medio ambiente, para la auto sostenibilidad agro ecológica del modelo asociativo y autogestionario.
- Relaciones de Género: Articular los aspectos socioculturales y de género mediante la integración de mujeres y hombres al proceso de desarrollo del sector promoviendo el empoderamiento y equidad de género en las organizaciones de base y Alternativas de proyectos para el fortalecimiento de la economía familiar.
Sectors of intervention and activities
1. Capacity-building and institutional support to members
2. Policy engagement, lobbying and advocacy
3. Provision of economic services
4. Communication and knowledge management
5. Other: Fomento a la Asociatividad, Desarrollo de la agricultura familiar, Fomento a la agroecología y juventud rural
-Asociatividad: Acompañamiento al fortalecimiento de las cooperativas de agricultores familiares. Se ha avanzado en la constitución de la FECAMPO (Federación de Cooperativas del Campo).
- Formación de núcleos de productores individuales por rubro de producción.
- Gestión de conocimiento: Capacitación en cooperativismo en ecologista y en políticas de genero. Participación en el IALA (Instituto Latinoamericano de Agroecología)
Avocados, Bananas, Beehives, Carrots, Cassava, Chickens, Chillies and peppers, Cocoa beans, cocoa, Coffee, green coffee, Eggs, Fish, crustaceans and molluscs, Fresh tomatoes, Garlic, Green and/or dry onions, Honey, Lemons and/or limes, Mangoes, Meat of cattle, Meat of sheep, Oranges, Pigs, Pineapples, Plantains, Potatoes, Sheep, Tobacco, tobacco leaves, Watermelons and/or cantaloupes melons, Whole cow milk (fresh)
- Asociación de Trabajadores del Campo (ATC)
- Frente Nacional de los Trabajadores (FNT)
- Consejo Nacional de la Economía Social (CONADES)
- Mesa Agropecuaria y Forestal
Miembro del Programa Dialogo Rural de Centroamerica (PDRR)
Via Campesina CLOC a nivel de Latinoamerica.
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The WORLD RURAL FORUM - DEVELOPMENT ASSOCIATION with Tax ID Number G01292515, hereafter referred to as the RURAL FORUM, guarantees to protect the personal data voluntarily communicated by users by email, through filling in a data collection form, through entering into a contract or when using any other service involving the communication of data or access to data.
The RURAL FORUM shall process personal data in compliance with Regulation (EU) 2016/679 of 27 April 2016 on the protection of natural persons with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data (GDPR) and with Law 3/2018 of 5 December 2018 on Protecting Data and Guaranteeing Digital Rights (LOPDGDD) and the implementing rules in force.
The RURAL FORUM is making this policy public in order to comply with the principle of proactive responsibility and transparency of information and to demonstrate that it obtains the express consent of the data subject.
Purpose of processing
The personal data collected and processed by the RURAL FORUM through this website, fairs, contracts, study days, newsletters and other routes shall be adequate, relevant and limited to what is necessary in relation to the purposes for which they are processed, purposes which include but are not limited to the following:
In the case of data collection forms, whether on the website or on paper, and other unspecified methods of voluntary provision of data, the purpose shall be to meet a specific request, such as a response to a query, a newsletter subscription or referral, registration for a study day, the dispatch of documentation and information relating to services and in all cases advertising communications.
For service procurement: The purpose shall be to establish and maintain the contractual relationship established, in compliance with the nature and characteristics of the service procured, and to maintain records.
Recruitment of employees and collaborators.
In all cases, personal data shall be retained in a form in which the data subjects can be identified only for as long as is necessary for the purposes of the processing. Such retention periods may be extended only for scientific or historical research purposes or for statistical purposes.
The legal basis or legal ground for data processing by the RURAL FORUMdepends on the individual processing activities, the type of data subject and the purposes of the data processing; we therefore regard the following as legal grounds:
- Acceptance or consent: Data subjects who contact the RURAL FORUM to request information, to make a query or to subscribe to information notes and newsletters, etc. and who voluntarily provide the personal data requested;
- Contract: For employees. Clients or suppliers who are receiving services from or providing services to the RURAL FORUM give consent through entering into a contract.
- Overriding legitimate grounds of the controller or of third parties to whom it communicates data: Such legitimate grounds arise when contact data are collected which extend beyond the forms described in the section on the purpose of processing (for example, receipt of business cards, consultation by electronic mail).
In all instances, the data subject shall be responsible for the veracity of the data provided and the RURAL FORUM shall retain the right to exclude all false or illegal data, without prejudice to any other actions that may arise in law.
The RURAL FORUM would point out that, unless there is legally constituted representation, data subjects may not use the identity of another person or communicate that person’s personal data but must bear in mind at all times that the personal data they provide to the RURAL FORUM must be their own data and must be adequate, relevant, up to date, accurate and true.
In this connection, data subjects shall be solely liable for the damage, direct and/or indirect, that they cause to third parties or to the RURAL FORUM through the use of another person’s personal data or of their own personal data when they are false, erroneous, out of date, inadequate or irrelevant. Likewise, those who communicate the personal data of a third party shall be subject to the obligation to inform laid down in the GDPR for cases in which the personal data have not been obtained from the data subject and/or shall be liable for the consequences of not having provided the information.
The services provided by the RURAL FORUM are intended for adults. The use of those services by minors must have been authorised beforehand by the child’s parents, guardians or legal representatives who are responsible for the actions of the minors in their charge.
Release or transfer
Release: The RURAL FORUM shall release personal data to third parties solely to meet its contractual or legal obligations to service providers or public or private bodies. In such cases, the data subject consents to such release and may exercise the right to be informed of it.
International transfer: The RURAL FORUM states that in the conduct of its activities it uses the services of providers to whom it communicates data (in their capacity as processors) who are domiciled outside the European Economic Area; it thus engages in international transfers of data.
Users may at all times exercise their recognised rights over their personal data and may revoke their consent to the uses described above; they shall do so by making a request in writing either to the RURAL FORUM’s postal address or by email to firstname.lastname@example.org; in either case they must include a photocopy of their national identity card or similar identity document in order to exercise their recognised rights which are as follows:
Right of access: the right to know whether this organisation is processing their data
Right to rectification: the right to have inaccurate personal data corrected
Right to erasure: the right to have data erased in legally recognised cases
Right to object: the right to have their personal data no longer processed other than on compelling legitimate grounds
Right to restriction of processing: the RURAL FORUM will retain data only for the exercise or defence of legal claims
Right to data portability: If the data subjects wish to transmit their data to another controller, the RURAL FORUM will facilitate the portability of those data to the new controller.
For further information on the exercise of these rights, you may consult the Spanish Data Protection Agency at www.aepd.es.
If you consider that the processing of your personal data is in violation of the rules, you may lodge a complaint:
The data to be processed by the RURAL FORUM are those obtained in every case via the relevant questionnaire from the data subjects themselves.
The personal data which have been supplied by or obtained from users and which are under the control of the RURAL FORUM are organised in files which may or may not be automated and the RURAL FORUM keeps a register of processing activities in accordance with the legislation in force.
In all of its data processing activities, the RURAL FORUM implements the appropriate technical and organisational measures to ensure the confidentiality, integrity, availability, and resilience of the data processed and to ensure their security, including protection against unauthorised or unlawful processing and against loss, destruction or accidental damage.
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